• crack
  • cocaine
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What Is Khat?

January 2013---What is Khat?

This substance is not popular, or apparently even existent (it seems), in the area that I work. What I know about this drug is from research and speaking to other officers, who have dealt with this drug.

First, it is generally pronounced like "cot" and sometimes "cat". However; is not to be confused with a designer drug called Cat. They are entirely different substances. Khat is a naturally growing plant whose users chew the leaves, swallow the juice and ultimately spit out the leaves when done. The designer drug "Cat" is far less "natural" and designed in a laboratory.

Once the leaves are picked from the plant, they start to lose their potency. They are only effective for a few days after picking them. So, once they are harvested they must make their way to the end user fairly quickly as they are a "perishable" product. This may explain why little of this drug is seen in the USA because it is not grown here.

I have had a few requests to write about this drug, but since I have no real world experience with it, I decided to "steal" a bit of info from Wikipedia. I am not in the habit of doing this, as I prefer to write from personal knowledge; however the goal of this site is to get as much comprehensive drug knowledge in one place.

"Catha Edulis, commonly called Khat is a flowering plant native to the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, but is also grown in other countries. Among communities from these areas, khat chewing has a long history as a social custom dating back thousands of years."

"Khat contains cathinone, an amphetamine-like stimulant, which is said to cause excitement, loss of appetite and euphoria. In 1980, the World Health Organization (WHO) classified it as a drug of abuse that can produce mild to moderate psychological dependence (less than tobacco or alcohol), although the WHO does not consider khat to be seriously addictive. The plant has been targeted by anti-drug organizations such as the DEA. It is a controlled substance in some countries, such as the United States, Canada and Germany, while its production, sale and consumption are legal in other nations."

"Khat is a slow-growing shrub or tree that grows to between 1.4 m and 3.1 m tall, depending on region and rainfall. It has evergreen leaves 5–10 cm long and 1–4 cm broad"

Want to know what ibogaine is click here.

  

Man chewing Khat January 2009

Chief Kyle J. Fittro
 
 
If you are seeing this page as a single blog post, and would like to read more posts about drugs on the chiefteach website, simply click the blog tab at the top right of this page.
 

The Designer Drug Called Smiles or 2C-I

January 2013---The Designer Drug Called Smiles or 2C-I

Like most designer drugs, the "ingredients" in smiles are subject to change without notice, may be completely/partially unknown to the majority of people or may be grossly misrepresented by the manufacturers and dealers. Designer drugs are ever evolving and the majority of their ingredients and effects can be constantly changing.

For a complete, comprehensive and accurate description of what designer drugs are, go to www.chiefteach.com and click on the full length video tab at the top of the page. 

SMILES or 2C-I is a synthetic, designer drug abused for its hallucinogenic effects. Yet another designer drug has found it's way onto America’s streets and into its clubs.

This drug has been seen in numerous states in capsule, tablet, liquid or powder form. "Retail" prices vary depending upon location.

Smiles is taken orally in tablet or capsule forms or snorted in its powder form. It has also been found impregnated on small squares of blotter paper for oral administration, just like LSD.

The drug has been misrepresented by dealers and sold as other drugs such as Ecstacy and LSD.

Smiles is generally used by the same population as those using Ecstasy and other club drugs. High school/college students and other young adults in dance/club settings.

It is a psychoactive, hallucinogenic chemical that alters the brain’s balance of dopamine and serotonin. Smiles is particularly powerful, binding to serotonin receptors in the brain at 20 times the rate of another drug used in schizophrenia research, according to an experiment performed by Purdue University Chemists.

The effects of Smiles, like those of LSD, can last up to eight hours. But because the effects can take
time to appear, users may think they haven’t taken enough to get the desired high and take more, risking overdose.

Want to know what the designer drug called boom is? Click here.

Chief Kyle J. Fittro

If you are seeing this page as a single blog post, and would like to read more posts about drugs on the chiefteach website, simply click the blog tab at the top right of this page.

The Designer Drug Called Boom

January 2013---The Designer Drug Called Boom

Like most designer drugs, the "ingredients" in boom are subject to change without notice, may be completely/partially unknown to the majority of people or may be grossly misrepresented by the manufacturers and dealers. Designer drugs are ever evolving and the majority of their ingredients and effects can be constantly changing.

For a complete, comprehensive and accurate description of what designer drugs are, go to www.chiefteach.com and click on the full length video tab at the top of the page. 

25I‐NBOMe, is a compound referred to on the street as “Boom” or “C‐Boom" and has been
associated with at least two fatal and seven non‐fatal overdoses in the United States since early 2012. The number of incidents continues to grow.

There is little known about the behavioral or pharmacological risks of the drug, as the median lethal dose has not yet been determined. Boom has appeared on blotter paper, as a spray form and represented as LSD, due to similar psychedelic effects.

Boom can be ingested nasally, orally, sublingually (under the tongue), intramuscularly and intravenously (with increasing potency). The effects usually occur within five minutesof ingestion and usually last between 6‐10 hours, if taken sublingually or through cheek membranes. The effects when snorted usually lasts between 4‐6 hours.

The drug is active even in micro-gram amounts. This means that extremely small amounts will cause the user to experience effects of the drug.

Caution is required when handling boom because it is easily absorbed through the eyes or mouth by touch or accidental inhalation, resulting in very intense effects or overdose.

Want to know what the designer drug called smiles is? Click here.

Chief Kyle J. Fittro

If you are seeing this page as a single blog post, and would like to read more posts about drugs on the chiefteach website, simply click the blog tab at the top right of this page.

How To Get My Kid Off Drugs

November 2012---How To Get My Kid Off Drugs

I have been asked this question, or some variation of it, more times than I know. 

Overall, I believe drug users can be divided into two broad categories. Some may argue this is too simplistic, but I find the vast majority of drug users fall into one of these two categories.

Type 1

The first type of drug user is the one who is relatively new to using drugs. They dabble occasionally, are weekend warriors, just started experimenting with drugs and are generally not using "hard" drugs, or at least not using them often. They mostly stick to smoking marijuana, are usually young (10-18) and still living at home. Does marijuana lead to other drugs? For my thoughts on that click here

These types of drug users can many times be persuaded to stop using drugs through a number of traditional methods. The "interventionist" (mom, dad, teacher, coach, cop etc.) may be able to get them to stop by making them aware of, or imposing, penalties such as taking away prized possessions, getting kicked off the team, losing a job or not getting the job in the first place, being shunned by non drug using friends, fear that someone the user respects or loves will 'think bad of them", criminal prosecution etc. etc.

The key here is getting involved as early as possible and then stay involved. Many parents don't want to admit their kid may be involved in this type of activity. Admit it and then confront it head on. You don't necessarily have to be a "raging bull" but you must be heavily involved in your child's life. Know what they are doing and who they are hanging out with. I understand the desire to be your child's best friend, but ultimately it is more important to be a parent.

I hear parents say they feel it is to "intrusive" to look through their child's belongings, read their private writings, monitor their computer activities, listen to phone calls etc. I say that's incorrect. In this regard I feel the old school is much better than the new school. I agree that kids deserve respect and certain levels of privacy, but if you suspect there may be drugs in their room, search their room. If you think they are texting drug related messages, read their text messages or take their phone. If you think they are writing drug related details in their computer conversations, then read those conversations if possible. So on and so forth. Who cares if they are mad at you.

I am not saying that you must be the Gestapo, but ultimately it is your house and you are the boss. I feel that many parents have allowed their children to slowly slip into drug related lifestyles because they don't want to "offend" the child. I offend my kids all the time. Sometimes they need to be offended. For a related article concerning parenting styles click here

Type 2

This is the true drug addict. Usually addicted to a "hard" drug like heroin, pain pills, cocaine, meth etc.

I will make this one very simple. There is no way you can "fix" this type of person unless they want to fix themselves. 

All the counselors, cops, parents and priests in the world will not make a difference until this person truly wants the change to occur. Even then, they may have extensive and repeated periods of relapse/difficult times. The true drug addict can be one of the most profoundly frustrating types of people to deal with on the planet.

I have watched people spend years in prison (forced rehab) and truly get clean. They did not want to get clean, but were forced into it. Within days of leaving prison they are back on drugs because they themselves never truly wanted to stop.

The key to helping this type of person get off drugs is finding out what their "bottom" is. What buttons must be pressed for that person to truly decide, from deep within themselves, that they want to get off drugs. Is it losing their kids to children's services? Is it prison? Is it divorce? Is it near death overdose(s)? Is it losing a job? Is it homelessness? Is it watching their friends die from drug overdose? Is it all of the above?  

This can be very difficult and take extraordinary amounts of patience, time and tolerance, but in many cases it can be done. These people can usually be saved. Once the person has crashed, burned, hit their personal bottom and decided it's time to stop is when rehab can help, faith can help, family can help, replacement drug therapy can help etc.

But you must understand that in the end........the only person that can save them........is them. Period.

Another topic when it comes to getting people off drugs, is how to get off anti-depressants, if medical advice from your prescribing doctor is to do so. For a piece of the puzzle the doctor may not tell you click here.

To understand why heroin is so popular now click here.

Chief Kyle J. Fittro

If you are seeing this page as a single blog post, and would like to read more posts about drugs on the chiefteach website, simply click the blog tab at the top right of this page.

What Is Ibogaine?

November 2012---What Is Ibogaine?

To sum the substance up in one word....controversial. Well, controversial in this part of the world (USA).

Ibogaine is a naturally occurring hallucinogenic substance that is found in the root bark of a shrub that grows in West Central Africa.

In the USA Ibogaine, and its salts, are a Schedule 1 controlled substance and are illegal; however in many other countries this substance is unregulated, legal and revered as an "addiction breaker".

To understand what "Schedule 1" means please click here.

The reason Ibogaine is so popular in certain areas of the world is because of its use to break addiction to opiates, methamphetamine, alcohol, methadone, cocaine, nicotine and other addictive substances. People travel from parts of the world where Ibogaine is illegal, to parts of the world where it is not and Ibogaine clinics exist to treat numerous types of addiction.

Proponents of Ibogaine therapy claim that usage of Ibogaine refreshes and resets the opioid receptor sites in the brain. Basically the Ibogaine "cleanses" these sites of their need for opiates. It also cleanses other receptors within the brain in regards to other addictive substances. The claim is that addiction is broken and overcome within 1-3 days. That's not to say that it's easy and that the addict doesn't have to "put any effort" into it, but many people feel Ibogaine is a viable and successful way to treat many types of addictions.

Part of the appeal is that Ibogaine therapy generally needs only to be administered once; however there are occasions where people report the need for 1-2 additional treatments.

After Ibogaine is administered there are two distinct phases the user will experience. Below is an excerpt from an Ibogaine treatment center. www.awakeninginthedream.com

The first phase is commonly called "The Awakened Dream State". 

"Ibogaine can provide individuals with critical insights into the origins of their addiction process or other unhealthy behavior patterns. This is experienced acutely during the first hours after administration when the conscious and unconscious aspects of the mind are merged. During this "awakened dream" state, past events, even those which the individual is not conscious of, may come to the surface of your thoughts. Many individuals have suddenly understood or clarified past traumatic events or situations that, in part, have led to their present life condition. In effect, years of therapy can be replicated in a matter of hours. This is not experienced visually by everyone. It varies depending on what you are using and current health conditions etc. This can be a very beneficial experience, but even if there are no dreams or even clear messages the Ibogaine still does the job of resetting and re-balancing the body and mind."  

The second phase is commonly called "The Introspective Phase" 

"This initial phase is followed by a period of introspection during which the information that was revealed during the journey is processed. The full range of emotions may be experienced during these first 24-36 hours, and most people require some down time to recuperate physically. This medicine can be very hard on the body. Some people feel so depleted that they are unable to leave their bed. Occasionally individuals may be completely overcome emotionally by what has been revealed to them, and some may become very depressed. Ibogaine moves energy in the body around, so many things may need your attention emotionally. It's like a release valve opens, and it's suggested to allow everything to come out, whatever it may look like. This is a large part of the healing process."

"The thoughts and emotions that come up during this time are being released from the body and psyche. While this may be uncomfortable for some, it is important to remember that, in large part, the success of your treatment is dependent on allowing this process to fully run its course. There is a fine balance between talking too much and withdrawing into oneself. Many people find that discussing their experiences freely and without judgment or shame makes them relax into the revelations and insights gained during the session. We are available in whatever capacity necessary during this time, but if we feel that you are avoiding going inward, we will not hesitate to guide you back in that direction. We understand this is a new experience for everyone who comes. We wish to keep that balance for each person and not interfere with your individual needs for processing, while being sure you feel fully supported and safe."

"Ibogaine is known to have a few unpleasant side effects. Not everyone experiences all of them, but it is important to be aware of all of them. Almost everyone feels some form of motion induced nausea. It is important to remain as still as possible during the initial phases of the journey. Roughly a third of patients will vomit. For some this can be very intense and may continue for several hours. This is a normal part of the healing process; a way for the body to rid itself of physical and psychic toxins. Many people also experience auditory and visual distortions during the first six hours. Anxiety and intense body sensations are common at times, but these disappear completely after 36 hours. Extended periods of restlessness and sleeplessness may occur, and extreme physical discomfort during the "waking up" process. This is not a warm fuzzy psychedelic. It has moments of many different sensations, some very beautiful and loving and some very intense and uncomfortable. It is different for everyone, and it is best to come to this with no expectations or wishes. Allow for openness and acceptance for it to be what it is. These conditions make things easier."

In Closing

I have studied this substance through various outlets, but have never met a person that has utilized this therapy. I would be interested to have a discussion with an individual who has engaged in this type of therapy to get their perspective on their experience. If you are that person, leave a comment so we can discuss your experience.

Chief Kyle J. Fittro

If you are seeing this page as a single blog post, and would like to read more posts about drugs on the chiefteach website, simply click the blog tab at the top right of this page.

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